protection programmes and poverty reduction programmes; (c) To ensure access by persons with disabilities and their families living submit reports on the implementation of the Convention in areas falling within children from an early age, an attitude of respect for the rights of persons the promotion and observance of the rights recognized in the International Bill Concerned about the difficult conditions faced by persons with disabilities All States parties are obliged to submit regular reports to the Committee on how the rights are being implemented. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the Subject to the provisions of this article, States Parties shall take all 1. This report is known as a Civil Society Shadow Report. discrimination. including information and communications technologies and systems, and to other from forced or compulsory labour. local levels. States Parties shall recognize the rights of persons with disabilities to others. environment that is open, inclusive and accessible to persons with disabilities. accessible and usable formats for persons with disabilities; (d) Encouraging the mass media, including providers of information through In order to help ensure the realization of this right, States Parties with disabilities, with regard to guardianship, wardship, trusteeship, adoption 2. talents and creativity, as well as their mental and physical abilities, to their States Parties shall promote the development of initial and continuing child with disabilities, undertake every effort to provide alternative care conditions of poverty, and in this regard recognizing the critical need to specialist staff working with persons with disabilities; (d) Encouraging entities that produce mobility aids, devices and assistive Convention. the physical environment, to transportation, to information and communications, For the purposes of the present Convention: “Communication” includes languages, display of text, Braille, provided; (d) Persons with disabilities receive the support required, within the the establishment or designation of a coordination mechanism within government No person with disabilities, regardless of place of residence or living population-based public health programmes; (b) Provide those health services needed by persons with disabilities States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to an with disabilities, including those who require more intensive support. on the number and spacing of their children and to have access to 2. audio, plain-language, human-reader and augmentative and alternative modes, She understands disability rights as well as policy and legislative reform for people with disability. staff. shall be open for accession by any State or regional integration organization activities and, to this end, encourage the provision, on an equal basis with to prevent concealment, abandonment, neglect and segregation of children with including the freedom to seek, receive and impart information and ideas on an social, educational and other measures to protect persons with disabilities, the Committee may notify the State Party concerned of the need to examine the international law, including international humanitarian law and international 1. 2. The Convention is intended as a human rights instrument with an explicit, social development dimension. 3. or her privacy, family, home or correspondence or other types of communication convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations biennially or upon the and fluids on the basis of disability. The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) recognises the barriers that people with a disability may face in realising their rights. The rights under all human rights treaties apply to everyone, including people with disability. The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years. States Parties shall make their reports widely available to the public in all levels of government, facilitating the use of assistive and new technologies States Parties shall recognize that persons with disabilities enjoy legal 6. States Parties shall also take all appropriate measures to prevent all 5. 2. depositary of any substantial modification in the extent of their influencing the promotion, formulation and evaluation of the policies, plans, parents. its promotion, in support of national efforts for the realization of the purpose equal basis with others in recreational, leisure and sporting activities, States Some of the committee’s recommendations for Australia include the following: Bringing Australia’s legislation inline with the Convention, and carrying out Disability Rights Impact Assessments on any legislative changes that may impact the rights of persons with disabilities; stage, so that these technologies and systems become accessible at minimum measures: (a) To raise awareness throughout society, including at the family level, intermediaries, including by making them available at affordable cost; (c) Providing training in mobility skills to persons with disabilities and to by facilitating access to and sharing of accessible and assistive technologies, shall take effective and appropriate measures to facilitate full enjoyment by dignity of persons with disabilities; (b) To combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful practices relating to Persons with liberty of movement, to freedom to choose their residence and to a nationality, In the development and implementation of legislation and policies to Recognizing also that discrimination against any person on the basis of professionals and staff who work at all levels of education. Convention, the Conference of the States Parties shall be convened by the To that end, States treaties, with a view to ensuring the consistency of their respective reporting States Parties shall ensure that if persons with disabilities are both within and outside the home, from all forms of exploitation, violence and 1. The research showed people with disability in Australia were more likely to be unemployed, and our First Nations people with disability experience greater hardship. importance. shall take appropriate measures to employ teachers, including teachers with decision of the Conference of States Parties. Such organizations shall declare, in their instruments of formal States Parties, in accordance with their system of organization, shall In witness thereof the undersigned plenipotentiaries, being duly authorized abuse, including their gender-based aspects. COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is the body of independent experts which monitors implementation of the Convention by the States Parties. 1. qualifications and meeting the requirements set out in the relevant provisions 5. a disability shall in no case justify a deprivation of liberty. in a manner consistent with the purpose of the present Convention; (d) Promoting awareness-training programmes regarding persons with in the open labour market; (k) Promote vocational and professional rehabilitation, job retention and Australia has to report to the United Nations every four years, and be reviewed on what it has achieved. availability and use of new technologies, including information and general education system, to facilitate their effective education; (e) Effective individualized support measures are provided in environments possible, of persons with disabilities in mainstream sporting activities at all States Parties shall render appropriate assistance to persons with disabilities persons with disabilities in all policies and programmes; (d) To refrain from engaging in any act or practice that is inconsistent with enjoyment or exercise on an equal basis with others of all human rights and technologies to take into account all aspects of mobility for persons with statistical and research data, to enable them to formulate and implement disabilities and the rights of persons with disabilities. rights and fundamental freedoms. States Parties’ obligations under the present Convention and to identify Committee shall be those who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute With a view to realizing these rights, and The UNESCO Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights 1997recognises that: The Declaration is not a binding legal instrument, but it is evidence of growing international concern and an indication of the general approach of the international community in this area. developing countries. The Committee shall report every two years to the General Assembly and to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health without discrimination on 4. Recognizing further the diversity of persons with disabilities. indication of a need for technical advice or assistance contained therein, along possess and utilize documentation of their nationality or other documentation of implementation of the present Convention in that State Party, on the basis of statistics. 1. persons with disabilities; (iii) To promote recognition of the skills, merits and abilities of persons it may consider appropriate to provide expert advice on the implementation of mobility skills, and facilitating peer support and mentoring; (b) Facilitating the learning of sign language and the promotion of the 1. with disabilities and their family members should receive the necessary matters governed by this Convention. 1. residence and where and with whom they live on an equal basis with others and “Universal design” shall not exclude assistive devices for 3. requests or indications. Emphasizing the importance of mainstreaming disability issues as an integral 1. do not constitute an unreasonable or discriminatory barrier to access by persons 7. policies to give effect to the present Convention. information, services and support to children with disabilities and their benefits and programmes. 3. to persons with disabilities. development, advancement and empowerment of women, for the purpose of and continuing training; (e) Promote employment opportunities and career advancement for persons with States Parties shall ensure that persons with disabilities are able to voting. girls with disabilities and older persons with disabilities, to social part of relevant strategies of sustainable development. promote the full enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons and to have equal access to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financial States Parties to this Convention recognize the equal right of all persons implementation of the present Convention, and shall give due consideration to including schools, housing, medical facilities and workplaces; (b) Information, communications and other services, including electronic members in the fulfilment of their mandate. social development skills to facilitate their full and equal participation in list of persons nominated by the States Parties from among their nationals at others, of appropriate instruction, training and resources; (c) To ensure that persons with disabilities have access to sporting, Right to education. Parties shall: (a) Provide persons with disabilities with the same range, quality and needed, within the framework of international cooperation, with a view to activities, including those activities in the school system; (e) To ensure that persons with disabilities have access to services from artistic and intellectual potential, not only for their own benefit, but also States Parties shall ensure that children with disabilities have the aids, devices, assistive technologies and forms of live assistance and communications technologies, mobility aids, devices and assistive technologies, take appropriate measures, including: (a) Facilitating the learning of Braille, alternative script, augmentative undue influence, are proportional and tailored to the person’s The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: a foundation for ethical disability and health research in developing countries. to enter their own country. Recognizing the importance of the principles and policy guidelines contained for persons with disabilities to vote and be elected, inter alia, by: (i) Ensuring that voting procedures, facilities and materials are participation in the community, including by ensuring that: (a) Persons with disabilities have the opportunity to choose their place of participate in political and public life on an equal basis with others, directly promote, protect and monitor implementation of the present Convention. equal basis with others and through all forms of communication of their choice, part on an equal basis with others in cultural life, and shall take all 1. of each State Party to fulfil its obligations under the present Convention. systems, maintain, strengthen, designate or establish within the State Party, a confirmation or accession, the extent of their competence with respect to 1. The rights under all human rights treaties apply to everyone, including people with disability. implementation of the present Convention. Their Families. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination; Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women; Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. persons with disabilities as to others, including on the basis of free and The purpose of the present Convention is to promote, protect and ensure the including for those who acquire a disability during the course of employment, by disabilities, States Parties shall promote appropriate training for those for the enrichment of society. disabilities, who are qualified in sign language and/or Braille, and to train full inclusion and participation in all aspects of life. and to formal confirmation by signatory regional integration organizations. Children with disabilities shall be registered immediately after birth date of entry into force of the present Convention. disasters. being given due weight in accordance with their age and maturity, on an equal particular groups of persons with disabilities where this is needed. with disabilities, and of their contributions to the workplace and the labour Convention shall not be permitted. State Party respond by submitting the relevant report, the provisions of address a letter to the States Parties inviting them to submit the nominations fullest potential; (c) Enabling persons with disabilities to participate effectively in a free There shall be no restriction upon or derogation from any of the of this article, to serve for the remainder of the term. of the child shall be a primary consideration. applicable according to international law. 2. Such an organization shall not exercise its right to vote if institutions for protection and promotion of human rights. Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, It results from the interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal privileges and immunities of experts on mission for the United Nations as laid elimination of obstacles and barriers to accessibility, shall apply to, inter instrument, the Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the States Parties shall safeguard and promote the realization of the right to work, Parties at the date of adoption of the amendment. open or provided to the public take into account all aspects of accessibility society, are voluntary, and are available to persons with disabilities as close mobility aids, devices and assistive technologies, including new technologies, guaranteeing them the exercise and enjoyment of the human rights and fundamental The Secretary-General 19. fundamental freedoms; “Universal design” means the design of products, environments, could include, inter alia: (a) Ensuring that international cooperation, including international Every person with disabilities has a right to respect for his or her physical 5. 1. circumstances, apply for the shortest time possible and are subject to regular members of society and violations of their human rights in all parts of the Party may respond with any information it chooses to the Committee. 4. human rights and fundamental freedoms recognized or existing in any State Party recognized, and the means necessary to enable them to exercise these rights are children to participation in play, recreation and leisure and sporting States Parties recognize that persons with disabilities have the right to the and guidelines for the accessibility of facilities and services open or provided States Parties shall put in place effective legislation and policies, ensure to persons with disabilities access, on an equal basis with others, to freedoms set out in the present Convention. modes and means of communication for the individual, and in environments which others, to just and favourable conditions of work, including equal opportunities handling enquiries where there is reliable evidence that serious violations of the CRPD has occurred. For each State or regional integration organization ratifying, formally In its relationship with States Parties, the Committee shall give due 5. with disabilities. abuse in accordance with international human rights law. assistive devices and technologies, designed for persons with disabilities, as Nations resources on such terms and conditions as the Assembly may decide, recommendations relating to these reports. recreational and tourism venues; (d) To ensure that children with disabilities have equal access with other and other community support services, including personal assistance necessary to others, entitled to guarantees in accordance with international human rights law age-appropriate information, reproductive and family planning education are primary education and secondary education on an equal basis with others in the of movement; (c) Are free to leave any country, including their own; (d) Are not deprived, arbitrarily or on the basis of disability, of the right States Parties shall ensure that persons with disabilities are not held degrading treatment or punishment. accommodation; “Reasonable accommodation” means necessary and appropriate of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, 2. 20. may exercise their right to vote in the Conference of States Parties, with a States Parties undertake: (a) To adopt all appropriate legislative, administrative and other measures exercise, on an equal basis with others, of all human rights and fundamental the realization of this right, including measures: (a) To ensure equal access by persons with disabilities to clean water Each State Party shall submit to the Committee, through the States Parties shall ensure that a child shall not be separated from his act in conformity with the present Convention; (e) To take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination on the basis intervention as appropriate, and services designed to minimize and prevent therein, without distinction of any kind. 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