In addition to the already established All-Union Radiation Medicine Research Centre in Kiev and Radiation Medicine Research Institute in Minsk, it is planned to open branches of the latter institute in Gomel and Mogilev provinces, as well as an RSFSR radiation medicine research and training centre in the city of Bryansk. There are 2,224 settlements in the contaminated areas of the RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR and Byelorussian SSR. The Chernobyl disaster had other fallout: The economic and political toll hastened the end of the USSR and fueled a global anti-nuclear movement. The cost of the clean-up, including the provision of housing and other resources for evacuees, eventually ran into billions of rubles, burdening an already shaky economy. provides a comprehensive assessment of the Chernobyl accident and its long-term consequences In the contaminated zone there were wide areas of a special natural landscape containing monuments of materials and spiritual culture, including archaeological, historical and architectural sites. The IAEA secretariat supported this request and the project to carry out an expert appraisal with the participation of WHO, other internationa1 organizations and group of independent experts from a number of countries is now being implemented. The fact that the country had a specialized medical service, set up long before the Chernobyl accident to meet the needs of the nuclear industry and atomic power engineering, made it possible to organize medical assistance rapidly for the victims. The Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR has appealed to Governments and public bodies in foreign countries and to international organizations for large-scale international co-operation in dealing with the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster. Apart from budgetary allocations by the USSR State insurance agency insurance payments have been made to individuals and agricultural and co-operative organizations in the amount of 274 million roubles. This programme was approved by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 25 April 1990. The supply of animal protein has declined. Research into the effect of radioactive contamination on agricultural production and forestry, development of measures to reduce that effect and make use of foodstuffs contaminated with radionuclides (agricultural radiology). Ladies and Gentlemen, Thirty-one years ago, on 26 April 1986, an explosion at the Chernobyl … SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL RISKS ARISED IN POPULATION AND CLEANERS AS A RESULT OF THE CHERNOBYL ACCIDENT Inga URYADNIKOVA, Vasyl ZAPLATYNSKYI Abstracts: The analysis of social and psychological risks arise among the population as a result of nuclear accidents was made. Since there are some kinds of apparatus needed for diagnosis and treatment that are not made in the Soviet Union, the international community could give assistance in re-equipping health centres with modern medical facilities, computers, and dosimetric, radiometric and spectrometric instruments and supplying drugs (including radio protectors) and multi-vitamin complexes. For inhabitants of a number of places in areas affected by radioactive contamination, a decree was introduced by the Government of the USSR in 1986, and followed up by various decisions, which limited the consumption of food products from local farms and private plots because they contained more than the permissible levels of radio nuclides. It is found with the same or much greater frequency among children of other regions not affected by radioactive contamination, and not only in those with a shortage of naturally occurring iodine. Faced with the complex radiation conditions in the European part of the country, agencies of the USSR Ministry of Health in co-operation with the USSR State Committee for Hydrometeorology and the agricultural authorities determined by what routes and at what levels the most dangerous radionuclides were entering the food chain, and drew up time-limited standards and recommendations to protect the population. Surveys have shown a definite reduction since the second quarter of 1986 in consumption of the main food products. There is some disagreement among the country’s scientists at present regarding the level of the maximum dose. The scale of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant called for fundamentally new approaches to the task of setting radiation levels for the population over the long term. The energy value of the diet has fallen and less fruit, berries and vegetables are being consumed. Shown that depressed and stress state due to human perception of threat to the health … The long period of discharge of radionuclides from the damaged active zone of the reactor and the changing weather conditions (wind direction, precipitation) during that time in the European part of the country resulted in an extremely complex picture of radioactive contamination of a number of regions, and an uneven pattern of contamination both by area (spottiness) and by types of radionuclides. After the Chernobyl reactor accident, the emergency forces as well as the local population were exposed to high levels of radiation. Their implemen- tation on more than three billion hectares of agricultural land has made it possible to minimize the amount of products with radionuclide activity concentrations above the action levels in all … to tackle the consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear accident has spurred the development of wide-ranging international co-operation in science, humanitarian assistance and technology. Soil contamination with plutonium-239 and 240 outside the evacuation zone is relatively low, mostly no greater than 0.1 Ci/km2. They also lay down the procedure for providing the citizens with housing at their new places of residence and arranging for work to be found for them. Some of the economic consequences … July 24, 1990 July 24, 1990 The following report was presented to the July 1990 session of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations by the delegations of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic and the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. A corresponding programme for 1990-1995 has been adopted in the RSFSR. Notwithstanding the enormous efforts – unprecedented anywhere else in the world – to deal with the after-effects of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and despite the considerable financial, material and technical resources committed, a reliable system for ensuring the safety of people affected by radiation is still not in place. The main sources of radioactive contamination during this period were ruthenium-106, cerium-141 and 144, caesium-137 and 134; The third period, from 1988 to the present day, has involved stabilizing the radiation situation in the 30-kilometre zone and other areas, getting the organization of work and dosimetric monitoring set up properly, carrying out operation to make the “Encasement” more secure, decontaminating of settlements, relocating inhabitants away from contaminated areas, taking measures to reduce contamination of agricultural produce and reorganizing agricultural activities, collating material relating to the accident, and developing and launching of a long-term programme for dealing with the after-effects of the accident. The Supreme Soviet of the USSR has appealed to parliamentarians in all countries and to international organizations to provide assistance in dealing with the problems arising from the Chernobyl disaster. 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